biography of Gilbert William GAUL (1855-1919)

Birth place: Jersey City, NJ

Death place: NYC

Addresses: NYC; Fall Creek Falls, TN

Profession: Painter, illustrator, teacher

Studied: Claverack Military Acad.; NAD, 1872, with L. E. Wilmarth; ASL; J. G. Brown, in NYC; ASL, 1875

Exhibited: NAD, 1875 (his last name was misspelled as Gault), 1877-1900, 1906-19; Brooklyn AA, 1877-86; Boston AC, 1881-98; Am. Art. Assn., 1882 (gold medal); Prize Fund, 1886 (gold); AIC; Paris Expo, 1889 (bronze medal); PAFA, 1890, 1893-94; Columbian Expo, Chicago, 1893 (medals); Pan-Am. Expo, Buffalo, 1901 (medal); Appalachian Expo, Knoxville, 1910 (gold medal).

Member: ANA, 1879; NA, 1882; SC, 1888.

Work: Oakland Mus.; Toledo Mus. Art; Democratic Club, NYC; Gilcrease Inst., Tulsa; Peabody Inst., Baltimore; C. R. Smith Collection; Tennessee State Mus.

Comments: Born William Gilbert Gaul. An historical illustrator of the Civil War and Native American life in the Old West. His best known collection of illustrations appears in Battles and Leaders of the Civil War (Century, 1887). He made his first trip West in 1876; thereafter he became increasingly fascinated with the Native American tribes and painted on Indian reservations throughout the 1880s. During this period he kept a studio at the Tenth Street Studio building. In 1890, he took a census of the Indians and illustrated the Report on Indians Taxed and Indians Not Taxed. Gaul became a teacher at the Cumberland Female College in McMinnville, TN, in 1904, and in 1905 he had a studio in Nashville, where he published a portfolio by 1907. Soon after that he went to live in Charleston, SC, and by 1910 he was in Ridgefield Park, NJ, where he did World War I battle paintings before his death in 1919.

Sources: WW21; Hughes, Artists of California, 202; P & H Samuels, 184; Kelly, Landscape and Genre Painting in Tennessee, 1810-1985," 90-93 (w/repros.); Falk, Exh. Record Series.