biography of James Peller MALCOLM (1767-1815)

Birth place: Philadelphia

Death place: London, England (after a long illness)

Profession: Engraver and landscape draftsman

Studied: under the patronage of the Rev. Jacob Duché and others, studied landscape and historical painting for three years at the Royal Academy, London, beginning about 1788

Exhibited: Royal Academy, 1791

Comments: Educated in Quaker schools at Philadelphia and Pottstown (Pa.) during the Revolution. Began studing art c.1784; and as early as 1786 engraved the plates for John Parke's edition of The Lyric Works of Horace. After studying painting for three years in London, he remained in that city but turned again to engraving, doing plates for the Gentleman's Magazine and others as well as illustrating such works as Lyson's Environs of London. He was also an avid antiquarian and wrote a number of books on English local history, with illustrations designed and engraved by himself.

Sources: G&W; "Memoirs of James Peller Malcolm, F.S.A.," Gentleman's Magazine, May 1815, 467-69; Stauffer; DAB. Among the books Malcolm authored are: Londinium Redivivum (1803-1807); Excursions in the Counties of Kent, Gloucester, Hereford, Monmouth, and Somerset (1807); and Historical Sketch of the Art of Caricaturing (1813).