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biography of Theodore ROBINSON (1852-1896)

Birth place: Irasburg, VT

Death place: NYC

Addresses: NYC

Profession: Painter, teacher, designer

Studied: AIC, 1870; NAD, 1874; Acad. Julian, Paris, with Constant; Carolus-Duran & Gérôme, 1876-90

Exhibited: Paris Salons, 1877, 1880, 1887-90; NAD, 1881-96; Brooklyn AA, 1881-83; Boston AC, 1881-96; PAFA Ann., 1882, 1891-95, 1905; SAA, 1888, 1890 (Webb Prize); BM, 1946 (retrospective); Armory Show, 1913 (posthumous); BMA, 1973 (retrospective); AIC.

Member: ASL (founder).

Work: MMA; NMAA; CGA; AGAA; PAFA; Randolph-Macon Col., Lynchburg, VA; BMA; Scripps Col., Claremont, CA; Art Mus., Princeton (NJ) Univ.; Phillips Coll., Wash., DC

Comments: Robinson was one of the earliest and most important of the American Impressionists. He was active in France 1876-79, returned there in 1884, and spent 1887-92 mostly at Giverny where Monet welcomed him into his inner circle of friends. Like Monet, Robinson chose particular landscape scenes as series, painted at different times of the day. Upon his return, he settled in Greenwich, CT, 1893-95 (Cos Cob, 1894), but died young owing to the asthma that had plagued him since childhood. Designer: stained-glass and mosaics, 1879-c.1884. Positions: helped form the Arts Students" League (whose name he suggested); teacher of landscape painting, Brooklyn Art School (summers of 1893-94), PAFA (from 1894).

Sources: E. Clark, Theodore Robinson, His Life & Art; Baigell, Dictionary; Connecticut and Am.n Impressionism 170 (w/repro.); Fink, Am. Art at the 19th C. Paris Salons, 385; Falk, Exh. Record Series; Brown, The Story of the Armory Show.

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