biography of John Quincy Adams WARD (1830-1910)

Birth place: Urbana, OH

Death place: NYC

Addresses: Washington, 1857-60; NYC, 1860-1910

Profession: Sculptor

Studied: pupil & asst. in studio of Henry Kirke Brown, Brooklyn, 1849-56

Exhibited: NAD, 1862-96; Paris Expo., 1867 (Indian Warrior); PAFA Ann., 1894

Member: ANA, 1862; NA, 1863 (pres., 1873-74); NSS, 1896

Work: MMA; NYHS. Outdoors: statues of the Indian Hunter," "The Pilgrim," and "Shakespeare," in Central Park, NYC; Henry Ward Beecher in Borough Hall Park, Brooklyn; George Washington, Sub-Treasury Bldg., Broad and Wall Streets, NYC; Pres. James A. Garfield, near the western face of the Capitol bldg., Wash. DC; statues of Commodore Perry at Newport, RI, and Israel Putnam at Hartford, CT; LOC rotunda; marble, pedimental figures, Stock Exchange, NYC; equestrian statues of Sheridan and Hancock in Phila.; full-size casting of "Indian Warrior," Delaware Park, City of Buffalo"

Comments: One of the leading American sculptors in the second half of the 19th century, noted for his robust naturalism. He began his career assisting in the studio of his teacher H.K. Brown, who was himself noted for his naturalism at a time when the prevailing style was neoclassicism. Ward spent two years in Wash., DC, where he modelled the portraits of several leading politicians, including Hannibal Hamlin of Maine (who became Abraham Lincoln's Vice President). Ward established himself in NYC in 1860, and continued to fulfill commissions for portrait busts, but also began exploring ideal subjects. His first such project was The Indian Warrior," for which he traveled West (for several months) to make preparatory sketches. In 1864 he exhibited the model at John Snedicor's Gallery in NYC, where it elicited praise in newspapers, leading several leading citizens to start a movement to raise funds for a large bronze version to be placed in Central Park. It was completed in 1867 (Central Park, NYC; original bronze statuette, NYHS). Ward also worked on another ideal subject "The Freedman" (1865, ), but he became best known for his large outdoor bronze commemorative portraits, including "George Washington" (1883, Wall Street, NYC), "Pres. James A. Garfield" (1887, Wash. DC), and probably his most well-known work, the Henry Beecher Ward monument (1891, Brooklyn). He also produced architectural sculpture. He was the brother of Edgar Ward.

Sources: G&W; WW10; Adams, John Quincy Adams Ward; DAB; Taft, History of American Sculpture; 8 Census (1860), D.C., II, 375; Clark, History of the NAD; Craven, Sculpture in America, 245-90; Baigell, Dictionary; P&H Samuels, 511; Falk, Exh. Record Series.