biography of Frank DUVENECK (1848-1919)

Birth place: Covington, KY

Death place: Cincinnati, OH

Profession: Painter, sculptor, etcher, teacher

Studied: Munich Royal Acad. with Diez, 1870-73; awarded L.L.D from Univ. Cincinnati, 1917

Exhibited: Boston AC, 1875 (solo), 1876, 1884, 1896; SAA, 1878; NAD, 1877,1879,1888 (hon. men. for portrait of Eliz. Boot); PAFA, 1879, 1893-97, 1902; Soc. Painters-Etchers, London, 1881; Paris Salon, 1881 (portrait of Eliz. Boot), 1885 (hon. men.), 1888, 1895 (hon. men. for marble sculpture of Eliz. Boot) Tavern Club, Boston (hon. men.); Columbian Expo, Chicago, 1893 (medal); Paris Salon, 1895 (prize); Pan-Am. Expo, Buffalo, 1901 (medal); Louisiana Purchase Expo., 1905 (Jury and exhibitor); AIC; Corcoran Gal, 1907-10, 1916, 1957; Royal Acad., Berlin, 1910; Intl FA Expo, Buenos Aires, 1911; CI, 1911 (Jury); Pan-Pacific Expo, San Francisco, 1915 (Med. of Honor and Jury); Parrish AM, 1984 ("Painter-Etchers" exh.); Cincinnati AM, 1987.

Member: Soc. Western Artists (pres., 1897); SAA, 1880; ANA, 1905; NA, 1906; Cincinnati AC (pres., 1896); NIAL; Paris Expo, 1899 (jury, Am. section)

Work: NMAA; NGA; BMFA; Cincinnati Art Mus.; PAFA; Indianapolis AA; Montclair AM; mem. statue to his wife, cemetery, Florence, Italy; Univ. Kentucky Art Mus. Archival material: Frank and Elizabeth Boott Duveneck Papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Inst., Wash., DC.

Comments: One of the most influential American teachers of the late 19th century. He was born Frank Decker, taking the name Duveneck from his stepfather. He was apprenticed to two church decorators and worked for them in Kentucky and other areas of the country. He began studying in Munich in 1870 and, except for his return to Cincinnati during 1874-75, he lived and painted in Munich, Venice, Florence, and Paris until 1888 when his wife, the painter Elizabeth Boott Duveneck, died. In 1877, he painted with W.M. Chase and Twachtman in Venice, and by 1879 he had settled in Florence as a highly influential teacher whose most ardent American students became known as "The Duveneck Boys." He was etching only from 1880-85. Upon his return to America in 1888, he taught briefly in Boston and then in Cincinnati. Beginning in 1890, he also taught summer classes in Gloucester, MA. In 1900 he joined the faculty of the Cincinnati Art Acad., and became its dean in 1905. He painted in Gloucester from 1892-1917, and frequently returned to Europe. He bequeathed his collection to the Cincinnati Art Museum. Position: teacher, Cincinnati Mechanics Inst., 1874; Cincinnati Acad. FA, 1900-on.

Sources: WW17; Cincinnati Painters of the Golden Age; Gerdts, Art Across America, vol. 2: 269; exh. cat., Frank Duveneck: The Gloucester Years, D. Findlay Gal., NYC, n.d.; Jones and Weber, The Kentucky Painter from the Frontier Era to the Great War, 47-48 (w/repros.); Fink, American Art at the Nineteenth-Century Paris Salons, 340; American Painter-Etcher Movement p.24; Falk, Exh. Record Series.