biography of Joseph Morris RAPHAEL (1869-1950)

Birth place: Jackson, CA.

Death place: San Francisco, CA

Addresses: San Francisco, CA/Uccle, Belgium; Laren, Holland

Profession: Painter

Studied: San Francisco Sch. of Des. with Arthur Mathews and Douglas Tilden; Académie Julian, Paris with J.P. Laurens, 1894; …cole des Beaux-Arts.

Exhibited: San Francisco AA 1896-1918 (gold medal), 1919-39; Mark Hopkins Inst., 1900 (gold med); Paris Salon, 1904, 1905 (hon. mention), 1906, 1915 (hon. mention); PAFA Ann., 1909; Del Monte Art Gallery; Calif. SE, 1913; Pan-Pacific Expo, San Francisco, 1915 (gold medal); Oakland Art Gallery, 1924, 1933 (solo); Gump's, 1941 (solo); SFMA, 1910 (solo), 1935, 1939 (solo), 1940 (solo), 1951 (solo); GGE, 1939; AIC; Calif. Hist. Soc., 1960 (solo); Stanford Univ., 1980 (solo); Oakland Mus., 1981

Work: Mills College, Oakland, CA; San Diego Mus.; SFMA; Oakland Mus.; de Young Mus.; Stanford Univ. Mus.; LACMA; Golden Gate Park Mus.; San Francisco AA.

Comments: An expatriate painter, in 1894 he went to study in Paris and remained in Europe until 1939, at the outbreak of WWII. While his early works show the influence of Dutch genre paintings, by 1905 he began painting large figure paintings, single figures and complex groups, in a naturalist light with Symbolist overtones. His life's work also includes watercolors, etchings, pen-and-ink drawings and woodcuts.

Sources: WW40; Hughes, Artists of California, 456; Falk, Exh. Record Series.